1-« a general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development.»  Roymond Williams

2« a particular way of life, whether of a people, a period of a group.»

3 «the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity»


«some cultural texts and practices present distorted images of reality»

«presents partial truths of the whole truth»


draw attention to the way in which texts (television fiction, pop songs, novels, feature films etc.) always presents a particular image of the world.

Pop culture a site where «collective social understanding are created». It is engaged in «the politics of signification», the attempt to win readers to particular ways of seeing  the world.

«well-liked by many people» - approval of many people (sales of books, attendance of concerts)

«inferior kings of work»

work deliberately setting out win favour of people»

culture actually made by people for themselves»



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