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Early 20th Century  -- Eric Gill

 

Arthur Eric Rowton Gill (22 February 1882 – 17 November 1940) was an English sculptor, typeface designer, stonecutter and printmaker, who was associated with the Arts and Crafts movement. He is a controversial figure, with his well-known religious views and subject matter generally viewed as being at odds with his sexual behavior, including his erotic art as well as his sexual abuse of children and of an animal. The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that flourished between 1880 and 1910.

Gill was named Royal Designer for Industry, the highest British award for designers, by the Royal Society of Arts. He also became a founder-member of the newly established Faculty of Royal Designers for Industry.

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