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"Leather is a durable and flexible material created by the tanning of animal rawhide and skin, often cattle hide. It can be produced through manufacturing processes ranging from cottage industry to heavy industry. Leather is used for various purposes including clothing (e.g. shoes, hats, jackets, skirts, trousers and belts), bookbinding, leather wallpaper, and as a furniture covering. It is produced in a wide variety of types and styles and is decorated by a wide range of techniques."

Top 4 types of leather:

  • Full-grain: unsanded or unbuffed hides where the natural markings and inperfections are not removed, very strong and durable, breathable, often used for high quality furniture and footwear
  • Top-grain: second highest quality of leather, the split layer is removed so it is thinner than full-grain, has a sanded and finished surface which makes it less breathable with a plastic feel, better resistance to stains than full-grain leather
  • Corrected-grain: inperfections are removed and sanded off then has an artificial grain pressed on to the surface, often stained or dyed
  • Split: made from the leftover fibrous part of the hide once the top-grain is removed, sometimes can be split into multiple layers, has an artificial layer applied to the surface and a grain embossed onto it, also used to create suede

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