Research Folder PART 1 & 2

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CLAY

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The change in clay

When dried or fired, natural clays shrink. But the amount of shrinkage depends on the temperature and also the clay, on average a body of clay will shrink half of its total shrinkae in drying and half in firing.

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ANDREAS GURSKY

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A lot can be analysed and thought about when looking at the work of photographer Andreas Gursky. In my opinion there is a fine line between photographer and artist when it comes to Gursky's work, and that is rare for me to say when it comes to photography. Some may think that a landscape or any other subject of a photograph could be less valued because of the amount of people viewing, it becomes more and more recognisable, paintings or drawings are a bit different because the viewer takes into account the skill of the artist and it shows their emotions and the response in how the work is painted or drawn. But i soon saw this similarity within Gursky's work because of the picture above entitled 'Cathedral 1' he was able to depict open cathedral by digitally removing the columns which would've blocked the gothic stained glass. At first i thought this was sort of cheating but soon realised a painter would do similar, by painting what they wanted to see and what others would too, and to share what others might not be able to see. Andreas Gursky claimed his recognisable style of busy compositions.

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Evident influences are also seen in these images. After looking at these images you start to see a link between Gursky's busy photography and the repetition of images in pop art, constructivism and propaganda posters of say for example soviet times. 

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BORROW

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To borrow is something that occurs daily, and has occurred throughout the past. Whether it be borrowing from different cultures, borrowing within art or fashion, or the generic daily borrowing items. A lot of the time something is borrowed and becomes its own, as shown in art or fashion. The debate on wether it is appropriate is on going and some may argue that its acceptable is the end product works well and is popular. Marcel Duchamp used a urinal to create this piece of anti-art, he borrowed a piece of ceramic which people piss but it soon became its own art piece. The same can be said in Andy Warhol's 'Campbell's Soup Cans', an image of a well selling product borrowed but becomes involved in a hugely influential art movement. You could argue that it's only borrowed momentarily, but could also argue once something is borrowed part of it forever stays borrowed until it returns to its owner or in the case of Duchamps 'Fountain' becomes a urinal again.

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borrowing within art can also be seen within Delacroix's 'Liberty Leading the People'. the main and central figure in this romanticist painting is not a real person yet signifies the proud french person standing up and fighting in the revolution. her head is awkwardly in profile. this is because Delacroix borrowed the idea of a profile face from roman coinage.

 

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PRODUCT DESIGN (CHAIR DESIGN) ?

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my concept for the new take on the classic chair, is a detachable head rest, fit for rest, relaxation, or sleep. this flexible cushioned head rest can be put all the way back. vertical or if you like sleeping with your face forward the head rest has a hole, like a feature of a massage chair. which ables you to sleep face forward.

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Architecture ?

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Fashion ?

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after the numerous sketches of surrounding shapes in architecture, and structures these were the small scale 3D shapes, i found them to resemble vaginas a lot, although that may not be visible in the picture, i proceeded to draw these shapes onto large scale, to be cut out and placed on the body

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my projection image of combined sketches of my 5 objects

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Nu, pogodi! ??, ??????! - Theme

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Margritte 'The Light of Coicidence' 1933 @ Pompidou Centre

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Margritte 'The Ladder of Fire' 1934 @ Pompidou Centre

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START OF UNIT 2

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WITNESS

WITNESS

RESPONSE TO WAYS OF SEEING

 

I could not recommend John Berger's Ways of Seeing enough, to anyone who is willing to. I have read the book 5 times, and seen the 4 part documentary 4 times, I am not saying this to boast but to show how much i love it, and how inspirational it is to me. although this chapter does not hugely relate to my project, it speaks about how our what we see is based upon our knowledge, we view things differently to others, and the same as our century will see things very differently to different centuries. it is relatable to this brief and i have highlighted parts that stand out to me.

witness

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'Undertone' Vito Acconci 1972

RESPONSE TO VITO ACCONCI

The set of this piece is what attracts me, this is what i want in my outcome for Witness, not necessarily me at the end of a long table, but an evident connection with the viewer, me speaking to, almost at, the viewer.

The content of this video relates to my outcome for Exchange, the viewer is curious to watch this video, like with my live stream of time out, but no one is really willing to sit through the whole thing. But the curiosity leads people to watch for a bit, in the case of Undertone it is to see what he speaks about, i think. And in the case of my time out video i guess people will be curious to see how I react, what i do, but i guarantee no one will have the interest to watch the whole thing.

Witness

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witness

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EXCHANGE

EXCHANGE

time out

Doctor Faustus @ Royal Shakespeare Company (exchange)

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sadism (exchange)

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Arthur Staats (who invented, named, and started the concept of Time-Out)

Psychological Behaviorism and Education 

PB argues that as children develop, they learn basic repertoires upon which other and more complex repertoires are built. This is called cumulative learning, which PB states is a kind of learning unique to humans. According to this cumulative learning model, when children learn a repertoire such as language, they can then build upon that repertoire with other ones such as reading and grammar. From there, learning those repertoires of reading and grammar lead to the acquisition of further complex repertoires.

Staats’ research with his own children and in his studies emphasized the importance of parenting to a child’s development. He showed that early training of children in language and cognitive development led to more advanced language development and demonstration of higher intelligence on intelligence tests. There have been many studies of this topic in the field of behavior analysis that support his findings.

PB and Behavior Disorders

Instead of accepting the concept of mental illness, psychological behaviorism argues that behavior disorders are simply learned repertoires of behaviors that are abnormal or a lack of learned repertoires that allow the individual to manage life events  < could it be that my Manic Depression is caused by the way i was brought up? That I learned to be manic or depressed? That I learned to be suicidal? that I was subconsciously taught this abnormal behaviour, it seems nowadays especially in creative community that many people have these type of mental illnesses, maybe we were brought up to act this way. PB suggests a clinical approach for treating behavior disorders through behavior analysis and also suggests prevention of the conditions that create them. The DSM provides descriptions of abnormal repertoires and lack of normal repertoires that PB uses in its theories of behavior disorders.

 

Timeout.wmv

EVERYDAY

EVERYDAY

RESPONSE TO BEN HIGHMORE

I found the concept of this chapter interesting, but the content wasn't something i enjoyed reading very much. parts of it i really enjoyed which i highlighted, but other parts i found hard to follow. maybe i'm not smart enough. maybe i don't know enough about the concept of this book, or maybe i didn't find the content interesting enough to follow it.

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Atlas, The Next Generation

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Polycephaly is the condition of having more than one head. The term is derived from the Greek stems poly (Greek: "πολύ") meaning "many" and kephalē (Greek: "κεφάλη") meaning "head". A polycephalic organism may be thought of as one being with a supernumerary body part, or as two or more beings with a shared body.

Two-headed animals (called bicephalic or dicephalic) and three-headed (tricephalic) animals are the only type of multi-headed creatures seen in the real world, and form by the same process as conjoined twins from monozygotic twin embryos.

How common is this?

In humans, conjoined twins that survive past the first 24 hours after birth are very uncommon, occurring roughly once in 1,000,000 births. Conjoined twins with two heads (dicephalic parapagus) make up perhaps only 10% of cases of conjoined twins overall, and are thus even more rare. In contrast to humans, there doesn’t seem to be much data on how frequently two-headed animals appear in nature. Although it has been reported that two-headed animals may be more common in snakes than in other taxonomic groups, this appears to be an anecdotal observation that may or may not be true.

Can you “make” a two-headed snake on purpose?

For a viable two-headed snake, one might wonder whether it could be bred to produce more two-headed snakes? Generally speaking, the answer should be ‘no’ because these anomalies in development likely do not have a genetic basis. It may be true that there are genetic alterations that could increase the chances of conjoined twins, however. For example, in humans, different populations seem to have different frequencies of conjoined twins and it would be reasonable to assume this variation has a genetic basis. Some families with increased rates of monozygotic twinning are also known to medicine, suggesting the ability of genetics to have some influence. However, the appearance of two-headed snakes is thought to be a developmental accident. Thus, for the hypothetical offspring of a two-headed snake to be two-headed itself, the same developmental accident would need to occur twice. Since these accidents are seemingly random, the chances of breeding a super-race of two-headed snakes is disappointingly low.

everyday

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Two Headed Snake feeding

'The Birth of Venus' 1863 by Cabanel

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A History of Video Art by Chris Meigh-Andrews

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'Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe' 1862-63 by Manet

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'Little Dancer' 1879-81 by Degas

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Paranormal Retreat (2014 film)

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https://www.reelhouse.org/devildogfilmproductions/paranormal-retreat-appareo-animus/paranormal-retreat-extended-trailer

The worst found footage horror film I've seen

1/10
Author: Leofwine_draca from United Kingdom
22 February 2017

*** This review may contain spoilers ***

As far as found footage horror films go, PARANORMAL RETREAT is really dreadful and quite possibly the worst I've ever seen. The reason it's so bad? Purely down to the direction, which fails to tell a coherent story or to build any kind of atmosphere or setting. Instead you just get a bunch of non-actors wandering around and occasionally doing stuff. Boring isn't the word.

The obvious template for this one is THE BLAIR WITCH PROJECT, especially in the early scenes of the film crew going on location and interviewing locals and the like. Once the action shifts to the haunted house setting, it really falls apart. The horror comes from a few actors dressed in fright masks trying to scare the viewer; it doesn't work. The dialogue is all ad libbed, ad nauseum. George Romero doesn't have much competition for his title of 'king of Pennsylvanian horror' judging by this.

I could not agree more with the review above. Although I enjoyed how bad it was, i liked the severe tackiness, how the whole movie was filmed on a shitty tape handycam, even the frame of the movie was this awkward square shape because of the camera they used. It was so bad that i enjoyed it

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Although scientists have not nearly finished finding out all we can about clay as a material, at this point in time we know alot through research and investigation. Unlike other materials such as metal which are affected negatively by water and fire, heat strengthens clay. Silicon carbide, uranium dioxide, and Carbon can be considered a ceramic because of the affect heat has on them, yet doesn't share little with naturally occurring clays. This allows for no limit when it comes to clay as a material. Even though it hasnt changed since 35,000 years ago.

Common surface clays are found everywhere, as they are the ground of the earth. They densify at lower temperatures, because of natural movements in the earth this surface clay changes in colour and plasticity when picking up impurities during movement. It can occasionally form glazes at temperatures of 1150°C. Being the earth's ground means it can easily been find most places like the beach, in the garden, in the desert and on rocky palisades.

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Paperclay

A water-based compound of clay minerals and cellulose fibre. Inside the paperclay is a network of water absorbent cellulose fibres which burn away when fired in a kiln. After fired the difference in feel may not be different but will weigh significantly less and will retain the strength of normal clay. 

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Gursky's influences

Seen above is Goya's bull fighting series and Manet's studys of the execution of Maximilian of Mexico. Direct influences of Gursky in terms of repetition and of composition. Deep thought had gone into what Goya and Manet were capturing and it is now evident that deep thought is also involved with Andreas Gursky, something i now very much appreciate about Gursky's photography.

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Culture borrowing within fashion

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Cultural appropriation also plays a part in borrowing. this is a model walking for Valentino's S/S16 collection, clearly inspired by traditional african culture. is it appropriate to borrow this style and apply it to commercial clothing worn by westerners? the debate is never ending, even I am unsure what to think. A lot of meaning and care goes behind making the traditional wear in african culture, it's spiritual and religious and is easily stolen by a high-fashion brand. On the other hand large amounts of money and care go into the mass production of these collections, and maybe customers will buy these clothes appreciating the original meaning behind the original style of african clothing. Maybe they appreciate it so much they want to be a part of it even if that means buying into commercial fashion brands that borrowed the style and made it their own for their own benefit.

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Typography ?

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King Lear @ the Old Vic (sculpture)

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this is the exact image I used for the start of our sculpture project. i was drawn to the emotion of this image. 

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The Garden of Eathly Delights (Painting)

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what inspired me was the amazing detail and imaginative depictions in Bosch's 'The Garden of Earthly Delights' this is what i hoped to convey in my final outcome but was sadly unsuccessful, although even if it had turned out the compete way i wanted it to it would be no where near the amazing piece of Bosch's.

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Putin & Buffy

Pussy Riot attacked with whips by police at Sochi

Jon Rafman

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fine art practice video art

I thought that Jon Rafman would be the best artist to to research into and take influences from, the connection can be seen in my video when the still images show showing the priests blessing weapons overlapping the pornography, the pictures Jon Rafman uses in his video are often blurry ones found on the internet but he does this purposefully and i did the same, i think it adds a tacky cheap feeling and i like it, the mane inspiration came from Jon Rafman's 'Mainsqueeze' 2014.

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Margritte 'the Key of Dreams" 1935 @ Pompidou Centre

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I went to this exhibition purely to see this painting, not because it is one of my favourite paintings but because of how much of a fan i am of John Berger. Especially John Bergers ways of seeing and this paintings involvement in the book although very small. 

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START OF UNIT 2

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WITNESS

WITNESS

Witness

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Enter the Void Trailer (witness)

1:43 ^

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witness (quick flashing words)

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Come and See (1985 film)

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One of the best films i've ever seen. I'm Not a big war film fanatic but the way this film is made and directed made this one of my favourite films. set in WWII in a Belarus village invaded by germans, it follows a boy who joins the resistance fighters and the horrible affect it had on the people of Belarus. The director Elem Klimov was evacuated and fled from Stalingrad, and the screenplay was written by Ales Adamovich who fought in the resistance movement, its said to be one of the most realistic war films. They use real bullets in some of the scenes, they also used a hypnotist to depict the reality of shellshock, and even the diet of actors was very strict. it took ( years to get confirmation to make and Elem Klimov did not make another movie after Come and See because he said everything he wanted to do as a filmmaker was in this movie. The film is in Russian but it can be found online dubbed in english or with english subtitles for anyone who does not speak russian.

Building a talk show set

EXCHANGE

EXCHANGE

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Everyday

Kids in timeout

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exchange (Marina Abramovic 'The House With The Ocean View' 2002)

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Press Release
Sean Kelly Gallery is delighted to announce a major exhibition of new works by Marina Abramovic. This is Abramovic’s first solo exhibition in New York since 1997.

The exhibition is comprised of a major new perfomance The House with the Ocean View which the artist describes as the most important one of her career to date, Dream Bed - a sculpture the public can use and Stromboli - a new video installation. Each work demonstrates part of Abramovic’s concern with creating works that ritualize the simple actions of everyday life like lying, sitting, dreaming, and thinking; in effect the manifestation of a unique mental state. As a vital member of the generation of pioneering performance artists that includes Bruce Nauman, Vito Acconci, and Chris Burden, Abramovic created some of the most historic early performance pieces and is the only one still making important durational works.

The House with the Ocean View is a public living installation: for the first twelve days of the exhibition Abramovic will fast following a strictly defined regimen in three specially constructed living units in the main gallery space. For this unique and challenging performance, the gallery will have special hours (see below), to facilitate repeated attendance by the public, as their presence is integral to the work.

Dream Bed is a sculpture which visitors are contractually invited to use for one complete hour. Each user will thus participate in the ritualization of sleep, dreaming and/or lying. The public’s involvement parallels Abramovic’s commitment in The House with the Ocean View. Appointments to use Dream Bed can be made by contacting the gallery.

Stromboli, a single channel 30 minute video, is named for the island south of Sicily that is the only permanently active volcano in Europe and has experienced small eruptions approximately every 15 minutes for the last 2000 years. In the video the artist lies at the edge of the ocean, between land and sea, her head moving in response to the waves.

Marina Abramovic, born in 1946 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, is without question one of the seminal artists of our time. She was awarded the Golden Lion for Best Artist at the 1997 Venice Biennale for her extraordinary video installation/performance piece Balkan Baroque. Her work is included in many major public collections worldwide including: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; the Van AbbeMuseum, Eindhoven; Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin; Kunstmuseum Bern. Recent solo exhibitions have included: Marina Abramovic: The Hero, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC; Marking the Territory, The Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin; The Hunt, Center for Contemporary Art Kitakyushu, Kitakyushu; Spirit Houses, Bourganeuf; Marina Abramovic, Fondazione Antonio Ratti, Como, and Public Body – Artist Body, Kunstverein Hannover. Abramovic has an important forthcoming retrospective in 2005 at the Kunst und Ausstellunghalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn.

The gallery is open 9am until 6pm every day during the Living Installation, November 15 - November 26. We will have extended hours on November 22 from 9am until midnight. On November 27 we will return to our regular hours, Tuesday through Friday, from 11am until 6pm and 10am until 6pm on Saturdays.

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EVERYDAY

TWO HEADED SNAKE- both heads drinking! $50,000

A Compilation of Robots Falling Down at the DARPA Robotics Challenge

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A Hisroty of Video Art by Chris Meigh-Andrews

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'The Burial at Ornans' 1849-50 by Courbet

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http://www.musee-orsay.fr/index.php?id=851&L=1&tx_commentaire_pi1%5BshowUid%5D=130

Un enterrement à Ornans [A Burial at Ornans]

 

At the end of summer 1849, Courbet started work on his first monumental painting. He wanted to make it his "statement of principle" and made this clear by calling the work Painting of Human Figures, the History of a Burial at Ornans. He took his inspiration from group portraits of Dutch civic guards in the 17th century while the sumptuous blacks recall Spanish art. The nuances of colour in the dark greens and dull greys produces an austere tone, the thick, robust technique gives the people and the natural elements density and weight. The rigorous frieze-like composition and the gaping grave strewn with bones invite us to think about the human condition.

Courbet's approach was radically innovative at the time: he used a canvas of dimensions usually reserved for history painting, a "noble" genre, to present an ordinary subject, with no trace of idealisation, which cannot pretend to be a genre scene either.

At the Salon in 1850-1851, many people decried "the ugliness" of the people, and the ordinariness of the whole scene. Among the few admirers of the painting, one critic prophesied that it would remain "the Herculean pillars of realism in modern history". The very subject of the painting has been reinterpreted. At first regarded as anticlerical, it was finally believed that, in a composition dominated by Christ on the cross, bringing together the clergy, a mayor and a Masonic judge, surrounded by men and women from all walks of life, it was the idea of "universal understanding" which prevailed, a constant preoccupation in the 19th century and for the 1848 generation in particular.

'Olympia' 1863 by Manet

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What I like about Olympia is the interesting representation of the female body in 19th century painting. far from idealisation, A real depiction of a female nude, her body is structured rigidly and very different from the fantasy of renaissance art and the softness and of hyper-realist painting techniques in nudes like Cabanel's Birth of Venus (seen in the above right). It is a true depiction of a parisien prostitute. What was immediately brought to my attention was that in person this painting has a lot more colour than shown in pictures on the internet and in books. In person Olympia's body has a lot more soft salmon which makes her more alive in my opinion (the difference in online pictures is shown below). Even her servant's dress is a very light shade of pink.

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abdomen close up

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'Little Dancer' side profile

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To see this scultpure in person meant so much to me, after a long obsession. What I find strange is that I really don't find any interest in scultpure but i think the discipline of this pose and the silhouette is what attracts me. It amazes me that Degas was able to make such a soft sculpture out of wax, and this softness is carried on very visibly in the bronze castings, the real fabric tutu also adds a sense of reality to this scultpure. Also what was criticised hugely when this sculpture was revealed is one of my favourite things about it, which is the shape of her face. It was said to be much like a monkey, I guess the the grace and beauty wasn't seen as much in the 19th century as ballet dancers then were very much poor and low-class. Thus the profile is my favourite angle.

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