"Manifesto dei Pittori futuristi" ("Manifesto of Futurist Artists"), published in 1910, is considered the official fundamental document on the creation of futuristic painting. Those who signed this manifesto adopted a program presented a year earlier in the work "Fondazione e manifesto del futurismo" ("Justification and manifesto of futurism"). Futurism was a short-lived art movement that was founded in 1909 by the Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876-1944). The purpose of the Futurists was to abandon the art of the past and to start a new era in which traditions and changes will be rejected, originality and innovation in culture and society. The original manifesto of futurism, written by Marinetti in 1909, extolled the beauty of cars and the newly invented car with its speed, power and dynamism. Futurists glorified violence and conflicts, called for the destruction of cultural institutions such as museums and libraries. Among other things, Marinetti founded and published the magazine "Poesia" ("Poetry"). The initial manifesto of Marinetti was followed by manifestos written by other members of the futuristic movement and concerned sculpture, painting, literature, architecture and other fields. Among the outstanding futurists were the artist and sculptor Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916); artists Carlo Carra (1881-1966 gg.), Giacomo Balla (1871-1958 gg.) and Gino Severini (1883-1966 gg.); artist and composer Luigi Russolo (1885-1947); architect Antonio Sant'Elia (1888-1916).
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