# Conclusion | White Space by Yelyzaveta Maryntseva

Thus, starting from the turn of the century, the first avant-garde, militant appeals, the manifesto becomes an integral part of any artistic direction. He outstripped the process, revealing the meaning, indicating the goals of the movement of art. In the declarations of creative associations and designers, often brighter than in creativity, basic ideas and directions of work reflecting the essence of the project approach, the meaning of global shifts in cultural layers and design paradigms are expressed. In manifestos, as nowhere, the strategies of project thinking, the most valuable and constructive tools of design and art are precisely traced.

Negative space performs several vital duties in making the design attractive and effective. So, when you are working on white spaces, bear in mind that “nothing says a lot.”

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