-Printed by William Hogarth in support of the Gin Act in 1751. Hogarth advertised their issue in the London Evening Post between 14 and 16 February 1751 alongside the prints of The Four Stages of Cruelty, which were issued the following week.
-Hogarth owes a debt toPieter Bruegel the Elder's La Maigre Cuisine and La Grasse Cuisine engraved by Pieter van der Heyden in 1563, which shows two meals, one of which overflows with food and is populated by fat diners, while in the other the emaciated guests squabble over a few meagre scraps
-They depict the evils of the consumption of gin as a contrast to the merits of drinking beer.
-The prints depict scene in the area of St Giles near Covent Garden.
-Hogarth’s friend, Henry Fielding, published ‘An Inquiry into the Late Increase in Robbers’ alongside Hogarth’s prints ‘The Four Stages of Cruelty’ (four prints depicting four different times of day: morning, noon, evening, night.)
-These prints continued Hogarth’s own movement of ‘Industry and Idleness’.
-Closer inspection of the prints suggest that the prosperity of Beer Street is possibly directly related to the misery of Gin Lane.
Georgian Era: 1714-1837
Prime minister during 1751: Charles Watson-Wentworth
'A phenomenon of 18th-century London was the coffee house, which became a popular place to debate ideas. Growingliteracy and the development of the printing press meant that news became widely available. Fleet Street became the centre of the embryonic British press during the century.
18th-century London was dogged by crime, the Bow Street Runners were established in 1750 as a professional police force. Penalties for crime were harsh, with the death penalty being applied for fairly minor crimes. Public hangings were common in London, and were popular public events.' wiki
'Up until 1750, London Bridge was the only crossing over the Thames, but in that year Westminster Bridge was opened and, for the first time in history, London Bridge, in a sense, had a rival.
The 18th century saw the breakaway of the American colonies.' Wiki
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