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The long and the short of it is that even though slab concrete buildings were never a terribly popular among the public and films like The Irony of Fate satirized their lack of aesthetic charms, this architectural style did alleviate the postwar housing shortage.

And believe it or not, at the time the USSR began to use re-bar extensively (the 1950s and 60s) Brutalism was a cutting edge and modern architectural style in the West. A number of architects celebrated Brutalism as a utopian and egalitarian style fitting for the modern postwar era.

While in the architectural tastes in the West moved away from the stark lines and honest lack of ornamentation, the Eastern bloc continued to use of large ferro-concrete structures.

This underscored the economic stagnation of the Brezhnev era and was an apt symbol for a Soviet state that was no longer as competitive or cutting-edge as it once was. 

-Why Do We Associate Brutalist Architecture with the Soviet Union?

 

 

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