Rachel Whiteread became the first woman to receive the Turner Prize with her sculpture House (1993), a replica of the interior of a condemned London house created by filling a house with concrete and stripping away the mold. Her sculptures examine the negative space surrounding or contained by objects, such as casts of the area beneath chairs, suggesting how human contact becomes embedded in our environment. Referencing Minimalism, her drawings often incorporate graph paper. Whiteread won the prestigious commission to design Vienna's Holocaust memorial and was part of the 1997 Young British Artists "Sensation" exhibit.
British, b. 1963, London, United Kingdom, based in London, United Kingdom''