French sculptor who was at the forefront of the New Realism movement with his radical compressions (compacted automobiles, discarded metal, or rubbish). He became known for his solid, welded sculptures of creatures and compressions of old vehicles and other junk material into tight packages. He utilised the most economical of materials for sculptures, and he reworked common objects and recycled urban detritus in order to challenge the values of mass production. Because of his creations it were often interpreted as critiques of consumerism.
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