Manifestos

- Overcome creative boundaries

- Strategy

- Statement of Intent

- Forward thinking

- Reframing an existing - 'Quote'

- What does the artist need to do/or be

- Restrictions/Rules/Systems

- Learn is the most important thing

- Knowledge makes everything simpler  

 

 Staatliche Bauhaus, Walter Gropius, 1919

"Architects, sculptors, painters – we all must return to craftsmanship! For there is no such thing as “art by profession". There is no essential difference between the artist and the artisan. The artist is an exalted artisan".

Walter Gropius was a German architect and the founder of the Bauhaus movement in 1919, by merging two schools for applied and fine arts in the Weimar Republic – the University of Applied Arts in Vienna with the Saar College of Fine Arts in Saarbrücken, Germany. His aim was to found a school that would operate as a centre for industry and crafts, with teaching administered through practical workshops. The manifesto consisted of a four-page pamphlet printed in 1919, in which Gropius announced that in his school, architecture, sculpture and painting would return to craft. This manifesto is important as he is describing the intentions he has for the Bauhaus movement, which describes the outlines for the design ethic taught by the Bauhaus.

 

Five Points Towards a New Architecture, Le Corbusier, 1926

"The following points in no way relate to aesthetic fantasies or a striving for fashionable effects, but concern architectural facts that imply an entirely new kind of building, from the dwelling house to palatial edifices… The age of the architects is coming."

Le Corbusier thought of as a pioneer of modern architecture. His prefabricated housing, with its emphasis on open communal space and exterior facades free from structural constraint, were hugely influential in the re-building of French cities after the First World War. In his 1923 publication, 'Toward a New Architecture', he famously stated: “A house is a machine for living in.” This extract demonstrates his approach to uncomplicated modern buildings. 

 

Dieter Rams: ten principles for good design

Good design is innovative

Good design makes a product useful 

Good design is aesthetic

Good design makes a product understandable

Good design is unobtrusive

Good design is honest

Good design is long-lasting

Good design is thorough down to the last detail

Good design is environmentally-friendly

Good design is as little design as possible 

 
Dieter Rams set out these ten commandments to follow for good design. In the 70's he began to think about the world surrounding him “an impenetrable confusion of forms, colours and noises.” He created these commandments as a way of self evaluating his own work as he was a main contributor to the world of design. 

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