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Gingham is a type of simple, woven cotton or linen cloth. Originally it had a regular bright coloured stripe but later appeared as a check or plaid pattern. The colours are commonly blue/white or red/white. This cool, breathable textile varies from medium to light-weight and can range from a very small, checked pattern to very large checks. In India, the gamucha is a gingham towel used to dry the body. In Indonesia it symbolises the battle between good and evil. The contrasting colours represent this relationship. In Japan the pattern also has spiritual symbolism. The fabric was used to wrap around statues when a child had died. Japan still produces 100% cotton gingham today – more than can be said for most other countries.

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